Background Actinomycosis Actinomycosis is a subacute-to-chronic bacterial infection created by filamentous, gram-positive, non–acid-fast, anaerobic-to-microaerophilic bacteria. It is described by contiguous extent, granulomatous inflammation, and the formation of multiple abscesses that may discharge sulfur granules. The most frequent clinical forms of actinomycosis are cervicofacial thoracic, and abdominal. In women, pelvic actinomycosis is expedient. Pathophysiology Actinomycetes are noticeable among the… Read More »

Acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophicans (ACA)

Background ACA Acrodermatitis Chronica atrophicans (ACA) is the third degree of European Lyme borreliosis. This particular progressive fibrosing skin manner is produced by an ongoing active infection with Borrelia afzelii. ACA is apparent on the extremities, especially on the extensor surfaces. It begins with an inflammatory degree distinguished by bluish-red discoloration and cutaneous swelling and concludes several months… Read More »


Acinetobacter infection is infrequently correlated with meningitis, endocarditis, peritonitis, urinary tract infections, community-acquired pneumonia, and cholangitis. Acinetobacter unusually colonizes the gastrointestinal tract and is linked with nosocomial pneumonia and wound infections. Background Acinetobacter Acinetobacter baumannii is a pleomorphic aerobic gram-negative bacillus (similar in the form to Haemophilus influenza on Gram stain) usually isolated from hospital conditions and hospitalized… Read More »


The following information is related to the subject of psychiatric nursing for nursing review. DEFENSE MECHANISMS coping mechanism from stress DISPLACEMENT Your boss yells at you, you yell at your subordinate. SUBLIMATION setting anger into something more productive and putting all energies into schooling Example. Mad at life, pour anger in singing. DENIAL “I am not” an alcoholic!… Read More »

Endocrine Pathophysiology Nursing Notes PDF File download

The following information is related to the endocrine system for nursing reviews notes. The Endocrine System a. Hormones Neuro Endcorines Glands a. Hypothalamus b. Pituitary Glands c. Pineal Glands Endocrines Glands a. Thyroid Glands b. Parathyroid Glands Endocrines Pancreas a. Insulin b. Glucagon c. Somatostatin d. Gastrin e. Grehlin F. Pancreatic polypeptide Adrenal Gland a. Adrenal Cortex a.… Read More »


This information is related to cancer pathophysiology for nursing notes. You can easily download this pdf file. CANCER a. CLASSIFICATION AND NOMENCLATURE CHARACTERISTICS OF CANCER CELLS a. Transformationb. Autonomyc. Anchorage-independentd. Immortal CANCER STEM CELLS a. Tumor Markersb.MetastasisC. Staging TNM System CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF CANCER a. Painb. Fatiguec. Cachexiad. Anemiae. Leukopenia and thrombocytopeniaf. Infectiong. Paraneoplastic syndromes Treatment of Cancer… Read More »