Three Phases of Menstrual Cycle

Menstruation is the dropping of the uterine lining (endometrium), which is followed by bleeding. But during pregnancy, it happens in roughly monthly cycles throughout a woman’s reproductive life. Menstruation begins with puberty (at menarche) and ends with menopause. The menstrual cycle officially begins on the first day of bleeding, which is referred to as day … Read more

Hormonal contraception

Hormonal contraception refers to birth control treatments that work by affecting the endocrine system. Almost majority of the treatments use steroid hormones, while one selective estrogen receptor modulator is sold as a contraceptive in India. The combination oral contraceptive pill, the first hormonal treatment, was originally sold as a contraceptive in 1960. Many more delivery … Read more


When the body’s immune system recognizes dangerous molecules called antigens, it produces an antibody. Microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals are examples of antigens. Antibodies are created when the immune system incorrectly interprets healthy tissue as a threat is referred to as an autoimmune disease. Antibodies are one-of-a-kind proteins that defend the body … Read more