A fast pulse known as ventricular tachycardia (VT) originates in the lower heart chambers (ventricles). VT is characterized by a pulse rate of more than 100 beats per minute and at least three consecutive irregular heartbeats.
The disorder can appear as a heart attack’s early or late complication. It could also happen to those who have:
Heart valve disease
VT can happen even in healthy individuals. Days, months, or even years after a heart attack, the muscle of the ventricles may develop scar tissue. Ventricular tachycardia may result from this.
VT may also result from:
Antiarrhythmic medications (used to treat an abnormal heart rhythm)
Blood chemistry changes (such as a low potassium level)
Variations in pH (acid-base)
Torsade de pointes is a particular variation of VT. It frequently results from congenital heart disease or from using specific medications.
Symptoms of Ventricular Tachycardia
If the heart rate during a VT episode is exceedingly high or lasts for more than a few seconds, you can have symptoms. Some signs could be:
Uncomfortable chest (angina)
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Feeling of heartbeat sensation (palpitations)
Symptoms could appear and disappear unexpectedly. There may not always be any symptoms.
Tests and Exams of Ventricular Tachycardia
The medical professional will look for:
Lack of pulse
Low or normal blood pressure
Tests to look for ventricular tachycardia include the following:
Research of intracardiac electrophysiology (EPS)
Monitoring the beat using a loop recorder or other gadget
Treatment of Ventricular Tachycardia
The type of heart problem and the symptoms affect the course of treatment.
When VT sufferers are in anguish, they may need:
Medicines administered intravenously, such as lidocaine, procainamide, sotalol, or amiodarone, used in cardioversion (electric shock).
Following a VT episode, initiatives are done to produce more.
Oral medications may be required for long-term treatment. These medications could, however, have serious negative effects. As new treatments are created, their use is decreasing.
It may be possible to do an ablation procedure, which involves destroying the heart tissue responsible for the irregular heartbeat.
It might be advised to use an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). It is an implanted gadget that recognizes any heartbeat that is rapid and potentially fatal. Arrhythmia is the medical term for this irregular heartbeat.