Practice Quiz NCLEX RN Part 7 for your nursing review. Subjects include congestive heart failure, Basalgel, dyspepsia, and abdominal aortic aneurysm.
#1. At birth, a baby weighed 7 pounds. The infant's weight at 6 months of age is likely to be
By the age of six months, the infant’s birth weight should have doubled. Because they exceed the projected weight growth by 6 months of age, answers B, C, and D are incorrect.
#2. The symptoms of a client with nontropical sprue have worsened. Which meal choice is to blame for the client's recurrence of symptoms?
Gluten, which is found in wheat, oats, barley, and rye, causes the symptoms of nontropical sprue and celiac disease. Gluten can be found in creamed soup and crackers. Answers A, B, and D are inaccurate because they do not contain gluten.
#3. Digoxin was given to a customer who had congestive heart failure (lanoxin). Which of the following findings suggests that the drug is working as intended?
The heart’s contractions are slowed and strengthened by Lanoxin. Increased urine output indicates that the drug is working as intended, removing extra fluid from the body. Because the weight would drop, answer B is incorrect. Answer C may appear, but it is erroneous because it is unrelated to the question. Because pedal edema would reduce rather than rise, answer D is incorrect.
#4. Which play activity is best suited to a toddler's gross motor skills?
The youngster possesses gross motor abilities that allow him to kick a ball forward or throw it overhand. Because they need fine motor abilities, answers A and C are erroneous. Because the toddler lacks gross motor skills to play on the swing set, answer D is incorrect.
#5. A client with recurring dyspepsia has been prescribed Basalgel (aluminum carbonate gel) by the doctor. The nurse should inform the client about the medication's common side effects, which include
Constipation is a common side effect of antacids containing aluminum and calcium. Answer A is inaccurate since it pertains to the side effects of anticholinergic medicines used to treat ulcers. Answer C is erroneous because it relates to magnesium-containing antacids. Answer D is wrong since it refers to dopamine antagonists, which are used to treat ulcers.
#6. An abdominal aortic aneurysm is suspected in a patient who is hospitalized (AAA). An abdominal aortic aneurysm patient's most prevalent complaint is
Pulsations or “feeling my heartbeat” in the belly are common complaints in patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Answers A and C are inaccurate since they happen when an aneurysm ruptures. Back discomfort is unaffected by changes in position, so answer B is incorrect.
#7. A patient is admitted to the hospital with an acute adrenal crisis. The nurse can expect to discover the following during the intake assessment
Because the client with an acute adrenal crisis is experiencing hypovolemia and shock, his blood pressure will be low. Because the pulse would be rapid and erratic, answer B is erroneous. Because the skin would be chilly and pale, answer C is incorrect. Because urine production would be reduced, answer D is wrong.
#8. A senior client is admitted to the hospital for a transurethral prostatectomy. Which of the following findings should be immediately reported to the doctor?
The presence of many clots in bright red blood implies arterial bleeding that needs surgical intervention. Answer A is erroneous since it falls within usual limits. Answer C is wrong since it implies venous bleeding, which may be managed with nursing care. Answer D is incorrect because it does not show an extreme requirement for pain management that necessitates the attention of a doctor.
#9. A 9-year-old with probable rheumatic fever is admitted to the hospital. Which of the following signs points to polymigratory arthritis?
Polymigratory arthritis causes swollen, painful joints in children. Because it refers to subcutaneous nodules, Answer B is erroneous. Because it describes erythema marginatum, answer C is erroneous. Because it explains Sydenham’s chorea, answer A is inaccurate.
#10. A croupy youngster is placed in a chilly, humidified tent that is connected to room air. The tent's principal function is to
The primary goal of using a mist tent on a child with croup is to liquefy secretions and reduce laryngeal spasms. Because it does not prevent insensible water loss, answer A is incorrect. Because the oxygen concentration is too high, answer B is incorrect. The mist tent does not prevent dehydration or reduce fever, so answer C is incorrect.