Practice Quiz NCLEX RN Part 6 for your nursing review. Subjects include colorectal cancer, cleft lip repair, and laryngeal cancer.
#1. Which diet has been linked to a higher risk of colorectal cancer?
Colorectal cancer risk is increased by a diet heavy in fat and refined carbs. Increased fecal bile acids enhance carcinogenic alterations due to a high fat load. Refined carbs lengthen the time it takes for food to go through the gastrointestinal tract, increasing the time the intestinal mucosa is exposed to cancer-causing chemicals. Answers A, B, and D are erroneous because they have nothing to do with the question.
#2. Following a cleft lip repair, the nurse is caring for an infant. The nurse should avoid the following when calming the infant
Because sucking is not authorized, the nurse should avoid offering the infant a pacifier or bottle. Answers A, C, and D are erroneous because it is permissible to hold the newborn in one’s arms, provide a mobile, and administer sterile water using a Breck feeder.
#3. A client with esophageal varices has been prescribed Amoxil (amoxicillin) 500mg capsules by his physician. The nurse can provide the greatest care for the customer by
Because the mechanical irritation induced by ingesting capsules can cause spontaneous bleeding in a client with esophageal varices, the nurse should ask for the medicine to be suspended. Answer A is inaccurate because it fails to meet the needs of the client. Answer B is inaccurate since it isn’t the most effective way to stop bleeding. Because the drugs should not be used with milk or antacids, answer C is wrong.
#4. A client with iron deficiency anemia is given nutritional guidelines by the nurse. Which food has a low iron content?
Tomatoes are a poor source of iron, but they are high in vitamin C, which aids in iron absorption. Answers B, C, and D are all good sources of iron, so they’re wrong.
#5. The nurse is instructing a Parkinson's disease patient on how to avoid the condition's accompanying spinal curvatures. The nurse should instruct the client to avoid spinal flexion by telling him or her to
The bending of the spine that happens with Parkinson’s disease can be avoided by lying in a prone position without a pillow on a regular basis. Because answers B and C flex the spine, they are erroneous. Answer D is wrong since it is not realistic due to position changes during sleep.
#6. Following an incident of pancreatitis, the nurse is preparing dietary adjustments for a client. Which diet is best for the customer?
A high-calorie, low-fat diet is required for the client to heal from pancreatitis. Answers A, C, and D are inappropriate since they may make the client feel more uncomfortable.
#7. A hypothyroid patient commonly complains of being cold. The nurse should inform the client that she will be more at ease if she does the following
Dressing in layers and utilizing extra blankets can help reduce the sense of being cold that hypothyroidism patients experience. Because hypothyroidism is associated with diminished sensation and attentiveness, the usage of electric blankets and heating pads can result in burns, making responses A and C inaccurate. Because the customer with hypothyroidism has dry skin and takes a hot bath every morning and evening, answer D is incorrect.
#8. A pernicious anemia patient's assessment history is being completed by the nurse. Pernicious anemia is distinguished from other kinds of anemia by which symptom?
Clients with pernicious anemia experience numbness and tingling in their extremities more frequently than those with other kinds of anemia. Because they are symptoms of all types of anemia, answers A, C, and D are incorrect.
#9. A client with schizophrenia has echolalia, according to their chart. The nurse can anticipate the following from the client
Echolalia is a condition in which a person repeats words or phrases that others have said. Because it refers to clang association, answer A is inaccurate. Because it refers to circumstantiality, answer C is erroneous. Because it refers to neologisms, Answer D is erroneous.
#10. Which early morning activity aids in the reduction of rheumatoid arthritis symptoms?
The discomfort and stiffness of the hands might be relieved by holding a cup of coffee or hot chocolate. Answers A, B, and D are incorrect since they do not relieve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.