Digestive and Gastrointestinal function things to remember

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By nclexnursing

Digestive and gastrointestinal functions are things to remember for your nursing review and examination.

Absorption

Small molecules, vitamins, and minerals move past the walls of the small and large intestine and into the bloodstream during this step of the digestion process.

Amylase

an enzyme that helps with starch digestion

Anus

In the last segment of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract; waste products from the GI system are discharged here.

Chyme

As food moves through the mouth, esophagus, and stomach, it is mixed with saliva, salivary enzymes, and gastric 3249 secretions.

Digestion

When digestive enzymes and secretions interact with ingested food and proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates are broken down into their component smaller molecules, this phase of the digestive process occurs.

Dyspepsia

dyspepsia; discomfort in the upper abdomen caused by eating

Elimination

After digestion and absorption, when waste products are expelled from the body, this phase of the digestive process begins.

Esophagus

Food goes via a collapsible tube that connects the mouth to the stomach when it is swallowed.

acid hydrochloride

The acid produced by stomach glands; combines with chyme to break it down into absorbable molecules and aid in bacterial elimination.

Ingestion

Food is ingested into the GI system via the mouth and esophagus during this step of the digestive process.

Intrinsic factor

a gastric secretion that interacts with vitamin B12 to allow for absorption of the vitamin