Community health nursing and care of the mother nursing exam for your nursing review.
Angel Viernes was diagnosed as having Dengue fever. You will say that there is a slow capillary refill when the color of the nailbed that you pressed does not return within how many seconds?
A. 3 seconds
B. 6 seconds
C. 9 seconds
D. 10 seconds
Adequate blood supply to the area allows the return of the color of the nailbed within 3 seconds.
#1. Before adding potassium to an infant’s I.V. line, Nurse Zaldy Asuncion must be sure to assess whether this infant has
Before administering potassium I.V. to any client, the nurse must first check that the client’s kidneys are functioning and that the client is voiding. If the client is not voiding, the nurse should withhold the potassium and notify the physician.
#2. Nurse Carla should know that the most common causative factor of dermatitis in infants and younger children is
Eczema or dermatitis is an allergic skin reaction caused by an offending allergen. The topical allergen that is the most common causative factor is laundry detergent.
#3. During tube feeding, how far above an infant’s stomach should the nurse hold the syringe with formula?
This distance allows for easy flow of the formula by gravity, but the flow will be slow enough not to overload the stomach too rapidly.
#4. In a mothers’ class, Nurse Catherine Agustin discussed childhood diseases such as chicken pox. Which of the following statements about chicken pox is correct?
Chicken pox is usually more severe in adults than in children. Complications, such as pneumonia, are higher in incidence in adults.
#5. Barangay Metro Lapaz had an outbreak of German measles. To prevent congenital rubella, what is the BEST advice that you can give to women in the first trimester of pregnancy in the barangay Pinoy?
Rubella vaccine is made up of attenuated German measles viruses. This is contraindicated in pregnancy. Immune globulin, a specific prophylactic against German measles, may be given to pregnant women.
#6. Myrna Martin a public health nurse knows that to determine possible sources of sexually transmitted infections, the BEST method that may be undertaken is
Contact tracing is the most practical and reliable method of finding possible sources of person-to-person transmitted infections, such as sexually transmitted diseases.
#7. A 33-year old female client came for consultation at the health center with the chief complaint of fever for a week. Accompanying symptoms were muscle pains and body malaise. A week after the start of fever, the client noted yellowish discoloration of his sclera. History showed that he waded in flood waters about 2 weeks before the onset of symptoms. Based on her history, which disease condition will you suspect?
Leptospirosis is transmitted through contact with the skin or mucous membrane with water or moist soil contaminated with the urine of infected animals, like rats.
#8. Revlon James a 3-year old client was brought to the health center with the chief complaint of severe diarrhea and the passage of “rice water” stools. The client is most probably suffering from which condition?
Passage of profuse watery stools is the major symptom of cholera. Both amebic and bacillary dysentery are characterized by the presence of blood and/or mucus in the stools. Giardiasis is characterized by fat malabsorption and, therefore, steatorrhea.
#9. The most prevalent form of meningitis among children aged 2 months to 3 years is caused by which microorganism?
Hemophilus meningitis is unusual over the age of 5 years. In developing countries, the peak incidence is in children less than 6 months of age. Morbillivirus is the etiology of measles. Streptococcus pneumonia and Neisseria meningitides may cause meningitis, but age distribution is not specific in young children.
#10. The student nurse is aware that the pathognomonic sign of measles is Koplik’s spot and you may see Koplik’s spot by inspecting the
Koplik’s spot may be seen on the mucosa of the mouth or the throat.