Communicable Disease Reviewer 2022

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By nclexnursing

Communicable disease reviewer 2022 for your nursing board exam is ready to download.

COMMUNICABLE DISEASEDisease caused by an infectious agent that is transmitted directly or indirectly to a good person through an agency, vector, or inanimate object

CONTAGIOUS DISEASE A disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another 

INFECTIOUS DISEASE Disease transmitted by direct inoculation through a break in the skin 

 INFECTION Entry and multiplication of an infectious agent into the tissue of the host

INFESTATION Lodgement and development of arthropods on the surface of the body

 ASEPSIS Absence of disease-producing microorganisms

SEPSIS The presence of infection

MEDICAL ASEPSIS Practices are designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens

e.g Clean technique

SURGICAL ASEPSIS Practices that render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms

e.g Sterile technique

CARRIER is an individual who harbors the organism and is capable of transmitting it without showing manifestations of the disease

CASE a person who is infected and manifesting the signs and symptoms of the disease

SUSPECT a person whose medical history and signs and symptoms suggest that such person is suffering from that particular disease

CONTACT any person who had been in close association with an infected person

HOST A person, animal, or plant which harbors and provides nourishment for a parasite

RESERVOIR Natural habitat for the growth, multiplication, and reproduction of microorganisms

ISOLATION The separation of persons with communicable diseases from other persons

QUARANTINE The limitation of the freedom of movement of persons exposed to communicable diseases

STERILIZATION is the process by which all microorganisms including their spores are destroyed 

DISINFECTION is the process by which pathogens but not their spores are destroyed from inanimate objects

CLEANING the physical removal of visible dirt and debris by washing contaminated surfaces

CONCURRENT Done immediately after the discharge of infectious materials/secretions

TERMINAL Applied when the patient is no longer the source of infection

BACTERICIDAL A chemical that kills microorganisms

BACTERIOSTATIC An agent that prevents bacterial multiplication but does not kill microorganisms

Chain of Infection