Hematuria is the appearance of blood in the urine. It’s possible that the amount is so little that it can only be discovered with urine testing or under a microscope. In some circumstances, the blood can be seen. It frequently causes the toilet water to turn red or pink. After urinating, you may notice red stains in the water.
Causes of Hematuria
Blood in the urine can be caused by a variety of factors.
Blood in your urine could indicate a problem with your kidneys or other areas of your urinary tract, such as:
- Bladder or kidney cancer is two types of cancer.
- Bladder, kidney, prostate, or urethra infection
- Bladder, urethra, prostate, or kidney inflammation (glomerulonephritis)
- Injuries to the bladder or kidneys are common.
- Stones in the kidneys or bladder
- After strep throat, children’s kidney disease (post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis) is a common cause of blood in the urine.
- Failure of the kidneys
- Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a type of kidney disease that affects
- Catheterization, circumcision, surgery, or kidney biopsy are all recent urinary tract operations.
Your doctor may check to see if you have a bleeding disorder if there is no structural or anatomical problem with your kidneys, urinary tract, prostate, or genitals. The following are examples of possible reasons:
- Bleeding problems (such as hemophilia)
- In the kidneys, there is a blood clot.
- aspirin or warfarin
- Sickle cell disease
- Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which a person’s blood platelets (low numbers of platelets)
Blood that appears to be in the urine could be coming from somewhere else, such as:
- The vaginal canal (in women)
- Ejaculation is a common symptom of prostate disease (in men)
- Having a bowel movement
- Certain medicines, beets, and other foods can cause the urine to turn red.
There are a variety of tests that can be performed, including:
- Ultrasound of the abdomen
- For lupus, an antinuclear antibody test is used.
- Creatinine level in the blood
- A full blood count (CBC)
- An abdominal CT scan is performed.
- A biopsy of the kidney is performed.
- Test for strep throat
- Sickle cell, bleeding issues, and other blood diseases tests
- Urinary cytology is a test that looks at the cells in the urine.
- Culture of Urine
- Urine samples were collected for creatinine, protein, and calcium throughout the course of 24 hours.
- PT, PTT, and INR tests are examples of blood tests.
The treatment for blood in the urine will be determined by the reason.