The state of being devoid of disease-causing pollutants (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) or avoiding contact with microorganisms is referred to as asepsis. Those systems used to promote or induce asepsis in an operating field in surgery or medicine to stop infection are commonly referred to as asepsis.
Asepsis in medicine
Medical asepsis, often known as the “clean method,” decreases the amount of disease-causing bacteria and their transmission after they leave the body, although it does not necessarily eliminate them. It is used to provide care for clients who have infectious diseases, to prevent reinfection, and to prevent infection from spreading from one person to another or throughout the facility.
The following are some of the most important medical aseptic practices:
Handwashing, cleaning the surroundings, using appropriate PPE (gloves, gowns, masks, face shields, hair, and shoe covers), disinfecting products and surfaces, and using antiseptics are all things that should be done.
- All procedures aimed at confining a certain microbe to a specific location are included.
- Microorganisms are limited in number, development, and transfer.
- Objects that are labeled as clean or unclean (soiled, contaminated)
Surgical asepsis is a term that refers to the cleanliness of a surgical
All instruments, drapes, and anything that potentially come into touch with the surgical wound or area are sterilized using aseptic methods. Before donning a surgical gown and gloves, all health care practitioners and workers who have contact with the sterile field complete a surgical hand scrub with an antimicrobial agent.
- Sterile procedure
- Microorganism-free practices are those that keep an area or object free of all microorganisms.
- Using methods that kill all germs and spores
- All procedures affecting sterile parts of the body are performed with this device.
Aseptic Technique Principles Within the sterile field, only sterile goods are used.
- When sterile objects come into contact with non-sterile objects, they become unsterile.
- Unsterile things are those that are out of sight or below the waist level of the nurse.
- By exposing sterile things to airborne microbes over an extended period of time, they can become unsterile.
- Gravity is the direction in which fluids flow.
- By capillary response, moisture passing through a sterile object attracts bacteria from unsterile surfaces above or below the surface.
- A sterile field’s margins are considered unsterile.
- The skin is unsterile because it cannot be sterilized