A bulge or “ballooning” in an artery’s wall is known as an aneurysm. Blood vessels called arteries transport oxygen-rich blood from the heart to various body regions. A big aneurysm may rupture, resulting in life-threatening bleeding or possibly death.
The main artery that travels from the heart to the chest and abdomen, the aorta, is where the majority of aneurysms occur.
Aortic aneurysms can be of two different types:
TAAs (thoracic aortic aneurysms) develop in the section of the aorta that runs through the chest.
The portion of the aorta that passes through the abdomen is where abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) develop.
The majority of aneurysms are discovered during examinations performed for other reasons. Aneurysms can be a serious problem for some people. They should get screened since aneurysms can grow and become huge without exhibiting any symptoms. If there is a family history of the disease or if the person is a man who has smoked, screening is advised for persons between the ages of 65 and 75. To detect aneurysms, doctors employ imaging testing. Surgery and medication are the two main forms of treatment.