Fundamental of Nursing XI incubation period

This nclex nursing exam related to fundamental of the nursing subject to the incubation period, illness period, prodromal period and convalescent period.

A substance usually intended to be used on inanimate objects, that destroys pathogens but not the spores.

A. Sterilization
B. Disinfectant
C. Antiseptic
D. Autoclave

Disinfectants are used on inanimate objects while Antiseptics are intended to be used on persons and other living things. Both can kill and inhibit the growth of microorganisms but cannot kill their spores. That is when autoclaving or steam under pressure gets in, Autoclaving can kill almost all types of microorganisms including their spores.

The third period of infectious processes characterized by the development of specific signs and symptoms

A. Incubation period
B. Prodromal period
C. Illness period
D. Convalescent period

In the incubation period, The disease has been introduced to the body but no sign and symptom appear because the pathogen is not yet strong enough to cause it and may still need to multiply. The second period is called a prodromal period. This is when the appearance of nonspecific signs and symptoms sets in, This is when the sign and symptoms start to appear. The illness period is characterized by the appearance of specific signs and symptoms or refers to as time with the greatest symptom experience.

A child with measles developed a fever and general weakness after being exposed to another child with rubella. In what stage of the infectious process does this child belong?

A. Incubation period
B. Prodromal period
C. Illness period
D. Convalescent period

To be ready to categorize measles within the Illness period, the precise signs of Fever, Koplik’s Spot, and Rashes must appear. In the situation above, only general signs and symptoms appeared and therefore the specific signs and symptoms are yet to seem, therefore, the illness remains within the Prodromal period. Fever, fatigue, runny nose, cough, and conjunctivitis are the signs and symptoms during the prodromal phase. Koplik’s spot heralds the illness period and cough is that the last symptom to disappear. All of take place in 10 days also known as 10-day measles.

A 36-year-old lifeguard carried a mail with anthrax powder in it. After exposure, he still has not developed any signs and symptoms of anthrax. In what stage of the infectious process does this man belong?

A. Incubation period
B. Prodromal period
C. Illness period
D. Convalescent period

Anthrax can have a time period of hours to 7 days with a mean of 48 hours. Since the question stated exposure, we will now assume that the lifeguard is within the time period.

You may also try fundamental of nursing part x for a more related nursing exam.
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