Fundamental of Nursing Part X level of prevention

This nclex nursing exam related to the fundamental of nursing subject to the level of prevention from primary, secondary, and tertiary.

It is the science of organisms as affected by factors in their environment. It deals with the connection between disease and geographical environment.
A. Epidemiology
B. Ecology
C. Statistics
D. Geography

Ecology is the science that deals with the ECOSYSTEM and its effects on living things within the biosphere. In a relationship with the environment its deals with diseases. Epidemiology is simply the Study of diseases and their occurrence and distribution in man for the purpose of controlling and preventing diseases. This was asked during the previous boards.

In what level of prevention consistent with Leavell and Clark does the nurse support the client in obtaining OPTIMAL HEALTH STATUS after a disease or injury?
A. Primary
B. Secondary
C. Tertiary
D. None of the above

Perhaps one of the easiest concepts but asked frequently in the NLE. Primary refers to preventions that aim in preventing the disease. Examples are a healthy lifestyle, good nutrition, knowledge-seeking behaviors, etc. Secondary prevention is that deals with early diagnostics, case finding, and treatments. Examples are monthly breast self-exam, Chest X-RAY, Antibiotic treatment to cure the infection, Iron therapy to treat anemia, etc. Tertiary prevention aims at maintaining an optimum level of functioning during or after the impact of a disease that threatens to alter normal body functioning. Examples are prosthetic fitting for an amputated leg after an accident, Self-monitoring of glucose among diabetics, TPA Therapy after stroke, etc.To best differentiate the two, a client with anemia that is being treated with ferrous sulfate is considered being in secondary prevention because anemia once treated, will move the client to a pre-illness state again. However, in cases of aspirin therapy in cases of stroke, aspiring no longer cures the patient or put him in the pre-illness state. ASA therapy is done in order to prevent coagulation of the blood that can lead to thrombus formation and another possible stroke. Its side effect is ototoxicity which leads to tinnitus or ringing of the ears.

At what level of prevention does the nurse encourage optimal health and increases a person’s susceptibility to illness?
A. Primary
B. Secondary
C. Tertiary
D. None of the above

The nurse never increases the person’s susceptibility to illness but rather, lessens the person’s susceptibility to illness. Also known as health maintenance prevention.
A. Primary
B. Secondary
C. Tertiary
D. None of the above

Secondary prevention is additionally referred to as health maintenance prevention. Here, the person feels signs and symptoms and seeks Diagnosis and treatment in order to prevent debilitating complications. Even if the person feels healthy, We are required to maintain our health by monthly checkups, physical examinations, diagnostics, etc.

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